Fix matplotlib.rcParams[‘lines.color’] Has no Affect on plot(): A Step Guide – Matplotlib Tutorial

By | August 23, 2020

matplotlib.rcParams[‘lines.color’] allows us to change the color of the line in matplotlib. However, it has no affect on plot() function. In this tutorial, we will introduce how to fix this problem.

To understand how to use matplotlib.rcParams, you can read this tutorial:

Understand Matplotlib.rcParams: A Beginner Guide – Matplotlib Tutorial

Look at code below:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib as mpl

# create data
x = np.linspace(0, 4*np.pi)
y = np.sin(x)

mpl.rcParams['lines.linewidth'] = 3
mpl.rcParams['lines.color'] = 'ff0000'
mpl.rcParams['lines.linestyle'] = '-.'

# draw sine function
plt.title('sin function')
plt.plot(x, y, label='$sin(x)$')
plt.show()

We will draw a sin(x) function using matplotlib. We plan to draw a red line using mpl.rcParams[‘lines.color’] = ‘ff0000’.

However, run this code, you will get the image below:

matplotlib.rcParams['lines.color'] Has no Affect on plot()

We can find mpl.rcParams[‘lines.color’] = ‘ff0000’ does not work.

How to set the color of line?

We can use mpl.rcParams[‘axes.prop_cycle’] to implement.

As example above, in order to set the color of line to red, we can do as this:

from cycler import cycler
mpl.rcParams['axes.prop_cycle'] =  cycler(color =['#ff0000'])
mpl.rcParams['lines.linestyle'] = '-.'
# draw sine function

plt.title('sin function')
plt.plot(x, y, label='$sin(x)$')
plt.show()

Run this code, you will get a red image.

Fix matplotlib.rcParams['lines.color'] Has no Affect on plot()

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